There are a number of signs and symptoms women with PCOS can have. However, not every woman with PCOS will have every symptom, and each woman will be quite individual in her experience. A diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome can be made when at least two out of three of the following criteria are met:. With these criteria, a woman can be diagnosed with PCOS even if she has regular periods or normal androgen levels. To make a correct diagnosis of PCOS, a number of other conditions that could cause similar symptoms of menstrual dysfunction need to be ruled out.
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How is PCOS diagnosed? | Jean Hailes
The Rotterdam diagnostic criteria for polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS support the objective role of ultrasound in defining the appearance of the PCO, but there are significant limitations of these new guidelines from an ultrasound perspective that must be considered. Three-dimensional 3D ultrasound provides a new method for the objective quantitative assessment of follicle count, ovarian volume, stromal volume and blood flow within the ovary as a whole. Since the introduction of 3D ultrasonography, there have been increasing publications on PCOS, each addressing different areas and reporting different results. This review critically examines these studies in an attempt to clarify the evidence to date and thereby establish the current role of 3D ultrasonography in PCOS. Polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS is a complex heterogeneous endocrine disorder.
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It is associated with increased risk of miscarriage, gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, preterm delivery, and birth of small for gestational age infant. Many studies on issues relating to pathophysiology and management of these complications have been published recently. These issues are being reviewed here using relevant articles retrieved from Pubmed database, especially from those published in recent past.
It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. PCOS also may cause unwanted changes in the way you look. If it isn't treated, over time it can lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease.